Guides - Troubleshooting

Common issues

ReferenceError: process is not defined

When calling client.enter(), you stumble upon the following error:

ReferenceError: process is not defined

The @liveblocks/client package expects to be consumed by a JavaScript bundler, like Webpack, Babel, ESbuild, Rollup, etc. If you see this error, you have most likely directly loaded the @liveblocks/client source code through a <script> tag.

Solution

If using a bundler isn’t possible for you, there are two available solutions.

One solution is to load the source code from the Skypack CDN, which will expose optimized production builds which have the process variable removed.

Another solution is to define the necessary process.env.NODE_ENV variable manually, before loading the script, for example:

globalThis.process = { env: { NODE_ENV: "production" } };

Why we’re asking you to pass unstable_batchedUpdates

If you’re on React 17 or lower, there is a well-known problem that all state management libraries need to deal with at some point, known as the "Stale-props / zombie-child" problem—Liveblocks is no exception.

This issue can cause catastrophic bugs, inconsistent renders, or—in the best case—performance issues. Sooner or later, as your app grows in complexity, you will run into some manifestation of this bug, and we want to be ahead of that.

Just do either of the following to avoid it!

  1. Just upgrade to React 18 (recommended)
  2. If you cannot upgrade just yet, we ask you to pass the unstable_batchedUpdates function to the RoomProvider in the mean time, so Liveblocks can circumvent the issue on your behalf!
import { unstable_batchedUpdates } from "react-dom";//                                      ^^^^^^^^^^^ ...or "react-native"!<RoomProvider  id="my-room"  initialPresence={/* ... */}  initialStorage={/* ... */}  unstable_batchedUpdates={unstable_batchedUpdates}>  <App /></RoomProvider>;

Starting with 0.18.3, this will be enforced in React 17 and lower, potentially saving hours of debugging.

What’s the problem, exactly?

If you’re on React 17 or lower, state updates from “external” (non-DOM) events will not get batched together automatically. If two or more of your components subscribe to the same piece of state, and this state gets updated by another user in the room, then both components will individually rerender, separately.

In most cases this is just inefficient but not catastrophic. However, if you happen to have a parent and child component that both rely on the same state, this can lead to hard-to-debug bugs.

For example:

function Parent() {  const shapes = useStorage((root) => root.shapes);  return shapes.map(({ id }) => <Child key={id} id={id} />);}function Child({ id }) {  const shape = useStorage((root) => root.shapes.get(id));  return <Shape x={shape.x} y={shape.y} />;}

Both of these components need to get rerendered if, for example, some shape gets deleted by another user in the room.

In React 17 (or lower), those rerenders will not get batched together and as such they will not rerender together. Instead, they rerender individually, separately. Which component rerenders first is undefined and often unpredictable in larger apps. If you’re unlucky, this can lead to the Child component to get rerendered before its Parent has had the opportunity to unmount it, which should of course never happen.

By providing unstable_batchedUpdates to the RoomProvider, Liveblocks will wrap all state updates in this helper, which will make sure that both Parent and Child get rerendered as part of the same render cycle. This way, React will ensure that the Parent component will always get rerendered before the Child.

TypeScript issues

Type "MyInterface" does not satisfy the constraint "Lson"

If you found this page, chances are you stumbled upon this TypeScript error:

TS2344: Type 'MyInterface' does not satisfy the constraint 'Lson'.  Type 'MyInterface' is not assignable to type 'JsonObject'.    Index signature for type 'string' is missing in type 'MyInterface'.

Liveblocks data structures (like LiveObject, LiveMap, and LiveList) require that their payloads are always JSON-serializable to be able to send them over WebSocket connections reliably and without surprises. Starting with 0.16, we’re enforcing this with Lson type constraint. (LSON is a Liveblocks-specific extension of JSON that also allows nesting more Live data structures.)

If you encounter this error above, TypeScript is trying to tell you that the data type you are using in one of your Live structures is not (guaranteed to be) a legal LSON (or JSON) value. But why?

interface Person {  name: string;  age: number;}
const people = new LiveList<Person>();// ~~~~~~// TS2344: Type "Person" does not// satisfy the constraint "Lson" ☹️

Although this Person type seems perfectly JSON-serializable with only those string and number fields, TypeScript still considers this a problem because it cannot guarantee that all of its subtypes will also be that. Interface types are "open" and extensible by design. This means it’s possible to define a subtype that would still not be JSON-serializable. Example.

To fix this issue, there are roughly three available solutions.

Solution 1: Change your interface to a type

The simplest solution is to convert your interface to a type.

type Person = {  name: string;  age: number;};
const people = new LiveList<Person>();// ^^^^^^ ✅ All good now

Check this solution out in the TypeScript playground.

Solution 2: Extend your interface

You can also explicitly pledge that your interface will be JSON serializable by having it extend from JsonObject.

import { JsonObject } from "@liveblocks/client";
interface Person extends JsonObject { name: string; age: number;}
const people = new LiveList<Person>();// ^^^^^^ ✅ All good now

Check this solution out in the TypeScript playground.

Solution 3: Wrap the interface in a helper

This is the least preferred solution, but may be necessary if you don’t own the interface definition and it’s coming from an external package.

import type { LiveList, EnsureJson } from "@liveblocks/client";import { Person } from "some-external-package";
const people = new LiveList<EnsureJson<Person>>();// ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ✅ All good now

Check this solution out in the TypeScript playground.

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