Authentication - Set up ID token permissions with Next.js

Follow the following steps to start configure your authentication endpoint and start building your own security logic in Next.js’ /app directory.

Quickstart

  1. Install the liveblocks/node package

    $npm install @liveblocks/node
  2. Set up authentication endpoint

    Users can only interact with rooms they have access to. You can configure permission access in an api/liveblocks-auth endpoint by creating the app/api/liveblocks-auth/route.ts file with the following code. This is where you will implement your security and define if the current user has access to a specific room.

    app/api/liveblocks-auth/route.ts
    import { Liveblocks } from "@liveblocks/node";
    const liveblocks = new Liveblocks({ secret: "",});
    export async function POST(request: Request) { // Get the current user from your database const user = (request);
    // Identify the user and return the result const { status, body } = await liveblocks.identifyUser( { userId: user.id, groupIds, // Optional }, { userInfo: user.metadata }, );
    return new Response(body, { status });}

    Here’s an example using the older API routes format in /pages.

  3. Set up the client

    On the front end, you can now replace the publicApiKey option with authEndpoint pointing to the endpoint you just created.

    liveblocks.config.ts
    import { createClient } from "@liveblocks/client";
    const client = createClient({ authEndpoint: "/api/liveblocks-auth",});

    If you need to pass custom headers or data to your endpoint, you can use authEndpoint as a callback instead.

  4. Set permission accesses to a room

    A room can have defaultAccesses, usersAccesses, and groupsAccesses defined. Permissions are then checked when users try to connect to a room. For security purposes, the room permissions can only be set on the back-end through a REST API. For instance, you can use the create room API to create a new room with read public access levels while giving write access to specific users and groups.

    fetch("https://api.liveblocks.io/v2/rooms", {  method: "POST",  body: JSON.stringify({    id: "roomId",    defaultAccesses: ["room:read"],    usersAccesses: {      "userId": ["room:write"],    },    groupsAccesses: {      "groupId": ["room:write"],    },  }),});
  5. Attach metadata to users

    Optionally, you can attach static metadata to each user, which will be accessible in your app. First you need to define the types in your config file, under UserMeta["info"].

    liveblocks.config.ts
    type UserMeta = {  id: string;    // Example, use any JSON-compatible data in your metadata  info: {    name: string;    avatar: string;    colors: string[];  }}

    When authenticating, you can then pass the user’s metadata to prepareSession in the endpoint we’ve just created.

    app/api/liveblocks-auth/route.ts
    // Get the current user from your databaseconst user = (request);
    // Identify the user and return the resultconst { status, body } = await liveblocks.identifyUser( { userId: user.id, groupIds, // Optional }, { userInfo: { name: user.name, avatar: user.avatarUrl, colors: users.colorArray, } },);

    User metadata has now been set! You can access this information in your app through useSelf.

    export { useSelf } from "../liveblocks.config.ts";
    function Component() { const { name, avatar, colors } = useSelf((me) => me.info);}

    Bear in mind that if you’re using the default Comments components, you must specify a name and avatar in userInfo.

More information

Both userId and userInfo can then be used in your React application as such:

const self = useSelf();console.log(self.id);console.log(self.info);
Auth diagram