Getting startedReact tutorial

Using presence

Most collaborative features rely on each user having their own temporary state, which is then shared with others. For example, in an app using multiplayer cursors, the location of each user’s cursor will be their state. This state could also be used for a typing indicator, or to show a user’s current selection. In Liveblocks, we call this presence.

We can use presence to hold any object that we wish to share with others. An example would be the coordinates of a user’s cursor on screen:

cursor: { x: 256, y: 367 }

Setting up presence

To start using presence, let’s define a type for it in liveblocks.config.ts. We’ll use the format above for displaying cursors, with the addition of null to represent an off-screen cursor.

Modify the code in /liveblocks.config.ts
// Presence typetype Presence = {  cursor: { x: number; y: number } | null;};

The last step in setting up presence is setting an initial value. Switch to App.tsx and pass cursor: null to RoomProvider—no one starts with their cursor on-screen.

Modify the code in /App.tsx
<RoomProvider id={roomId} initialPresence={{ cursor: null }}>

Displaying presence

To display the current user’s presence, we’ll add useMyPresence to Room.tsx, and quickly display its value, similarly to useState.

Modify the code in /Room.tsx
import { useMyPresence } from "./liveblocks.config";
export function Room() { const [myPresence, updateMyPresence] = useMyPresence();
return <div>Cursor: {JSON.stringify(myPresence.cursor)}</div>;}

Great! Press the refresh button in the preview window to reload initialPresence, and you should now be seeing Cursor: null! On the next page we’ll be creating live cursors with presence.